Agriculture and health services

The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the Department will conduct a one-time competition for grants to support the development or the continuation of collaborative food stamp nutrition education projects. In accordance with the requirements of Section 11(f) of the Act, as amended by the BBA, the food stamp collaborative nutrition education projects should be designed to: (i) Meet the food needs of Food Stamp Program participants and other low-income households; (ii) increase the self-reliance of households in providing improved food preparation, safety, and budgeting skills; and (iii) promote comprehensive approaches to local food and nutrition education activities. Successful proposals will include objectives which describe how the collaborative nutrition education project will support the design and implementation of nutrition education efforts that reach large numbers of food assistance program recipients, foster the development or continuation of nutrition network resources to better integrate nutrition education services, and provide integrated nutrition education outside of traditional program-centered delivery systems.


Proposals that focus their nutrition education messages on topics that have relevance to large numbers of program recipients, such as healthful eating behavior or economical shopping practices are encouraged rather than narrowly focused topics of interest to small segments of the eligible population. Healthful eating practices are those that are described in the Fourth Edition (1995) of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans published by the U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services. Applications may be submitted by private nonprofit organizations and State agencies.


To be eligible for a food stamp collaborative nutrition education grant, as mandated by Section 1004, private nonprofit organizations and State agencies must agree to: (1) Use the funds to direct collaborative efforts to coordinate and integrate nutrition education into health, nutrition, social service, and food distribution programs for food stamp participants and other low-income households; and (2) design the collaborative effort to reach large numbers of food stamp participants and other low-income households through a network of organizations including but not limited to schools, child care centers, farmers’ markets, health clinics, and outpatient education services. Applications must contain a description of how the grant funds will be used for the four years of the award.


Each year of the grant, beginning with 1998, should be described as a discrete portion of the project’s work with all four years contributing toward the goals and objectives as spelled out in the proposal. The authorizing legislation, in particular Section 11(f)(2)(C), requires FNS, in deciding between two or more private nonprofit organizations or State agencies that are eligible to receive a grant, to give preference to an organization or State agency that conducted and received funding for that collaborative effort from FNS prior to August 5, 1997.

Examine the Kentogenic Diet

The Ketogenic Diet: A Complete Guide for the Dieter and Practitioner is the first book to objectively examine the ketogenic diet. This book serves as a reference for the dieter who has questions regarding the physiology, adaptations, and effects of a ketogenic diet. The contents are fully referenced for health professionals such as dietitians, physicians, personal trainers and nutritionists. Anyone interested in the ketogenic diet will find this book a valuable resource. Topics include: Human fuel utilization and changes that occur during a ketogenic diet. Adaptations during the development of ketosis, including a detailed discussion of protein sparing.


The impact of the ketogenic diet on body composition in terms of weight, water and fat loss. An examination of the potential metabolic effects of ketosis including in the kidney and liver, brain function, and cholesterol levels. Guidelines for optimization of a ketogenic diet for various goals such as fat loss, bodybuilding, and endurance athletes. Basic exercise physiology concepts for aerobic exercise, interval training and weight training. The impact of exercise on fat loss is also addressed. Two modified ketogenic diets, which integrate carbohydrates while allowing the adaptations to ketosis to occur.


Sample exercise routines for beginning, intermediate and advanced exercisers, as well as guidelines for pre-contest preparation for bodybuilders. About the Author Lyle McDonald became interested in exercise and nutrition in high school, which led him to pursue a BS in Physiological Sciences from the University of California at Los Angeles. He graduated in 1993. In 1995, Lyle became interested in lowcarb/ketogenic diets as he used one himself to attain a previously impossible level of leanness. Due to the lack of an honest, no-hype book on the ketogenic diet, and in response to the large number of questions that existed regarding such diets, he decided to write such a book. In the future, Lyle intends to attend graduate school in nutrition or a related field to further his education.

Ironman Nutrition

I’m doing an ironman race this year and wanted to get some opinions on what people use for nutrition during the race. I’ve raced for 2 years and I’ve primarily used Gu, PowerGel,Carboom as my nutrition. This worked fine for shorter races … but I’ve done a 1/2 ironman (5:21) and 3/4 ironman (9:08) and I’ve struggled with my stomach and nutrition so I’m going to emphasize figuring out what nutrition will work for me particularly during some long brick workouts.


I was so consumed with training and getting comfortable with the distance I didn’t spend a great deal of time figuring out how to sustain my effort (dumb!) During the 3/4 ironman race I burned ~ 9,000 calories so not having an effective nutrition strategy was really dumb (as such I threw up 8 times during the race – which was a PR for me :-) . I just wanted to get some ideas of what people use as a starting point for what I may try. I consumed a Clif bar, a bagel, a Quaker breakfast bar, and a 24 oz Gatorade before I lefton the way to the race. I ate a couple Clif Shot gels during the final race prep, and another 24 oz.


Gatorade and a few Endurolyte electrolyte capsules as well. [Note: To me, the Clif Shot gels are the best. They taste good, and they digest easily. They're made with brown rice syrup instead of maltodextrin. No, they don't endorse me, or any other 16:25 Ironman finishers :-) ] I ate 2 gels during T1 and a Clif bar in the first hour of the bike, then I did a gel every 30 minutes on the bike, except at the special needs area, where I ate a bunch of raisins instead. I probably drank a 24 oz bottle of Gatorade every 30-60 min, and I was drinking water as well. It was hot! Oh, and I had an endurolyte about every hour on the bike. In T2 I opted for half of a “Mojo” bar. I thought something salty would be good, but it didn’t thrill me as much as I thought it would.

Information on nutrition from vets

Then you are one of the better ones. I left one of the best Vets a Guy w/ a kennel full of hunting dogs could ever ask for in NJ…Dr. Helen Campbell DVM. She had a full understanding of the type of Dog I had. They were’nt Lap dogs they weren’t House pets!! they were hunting dogs, and Competition dogs. That Doesn’t mean that I loved my dogs any more or less than a pet owner or a man w/ 1 hunting companion. She would take the time to educate me rather than charge the heck out of me for useless information. She never held it against me that I vaccinate my own dogs.


I worm my dogs w/ Ivmec. And Keep real accurate records there aren’t many problems or injuries I won’t vet out myself. My dogs are trained athletes. I expect the most out of them so I should at least feed them, kennel them and care for them the very best that I can. I have had ZERO luck getting any useful nutritional information from my vet, or any of my Vet friends . They all and seem to have the answer that their particular Vendor gave them. I like Steve had to write, e-mail and research this topic all on my own. Now I am a civil engineer not a vet.


But I feel I have an educated opinion on nutrition for my Breed of dog that could be applicable to another breed. But reading the last post she asked to hear from a vet….No I don’t harbor a deep seeded resentment for Vets, even though I was charged $56.00 for 2 rabbis shots and some useless information. It is just that there are those of us on this list that have an opinion that might be a whole lot better suited for the question than most Vets would have. A Degree doesn’t give you all the answers. I think that is what Steve was trying to say. I don’t know Steve hell he might be a Vet. Any way that is my point of view.

Nutrition: According to your taste

Now add to that the fact people with FM have been shown in several studies to absorb and metabolize nutrients inefficiently. Consider that other studies have shown that people who have suffered from malnutrition at any time in their lives retain an abnormally high need for certain nutrients ever after. (The first study of this sort dealt with concentration camp survivors, who required massive doses of B vitamins for the rest of their lives.) It all points to the need of many, if not all, people — whether or not they have FM — to supplement their diets with vitamins and minerals that are present in insufficient quantities in the food they eat.


For people with FM, this need is probably more pressing than for most people. Many studies have been done, and many more should be done, but the fact that they are not being undertaken is a function of economics and the profit motive, not of lack of interest or need. There is little or no profit in funding studies that show that people can make themselves feel better, if not entirely well, by improving their nutritional intake. It is up to us as people with FM, people who want to feel well and live full lives, to take care of ourselves. We can use doctors as sources of information and advice, then weigh that information and advice against what we can learn for ourselves and against our own common sense and experience.


We can use doctors as sources of relief for pain and insomnia so that we can get to the point where we can put our energy and intelligence into making ourselves feel as well as we can. We don’t need to trash doctors, whether here online or in their offices, because they don’t know everything we’d like them to know about nutrition, but we don’t need to defer to their lack of knowledge on the subject, either. And a little humility on the part of people who are uneducated in the subject of nutrition would be in rather good taste, I should think.

Maintaining good health and nutrition

Maintaining good health is more than just avoiding “bad foods.” It’s a conscious effort to select the foods and nutrients that will yield vitality and an overall sense of wellbeing. Everyday, science reveals new wonders about the potent life-enhancing properties of herbs, vitamins, minerals and other plant nutrients. In fact, 95% of the world’s medicines are derived from plant sources. The problem lies in choosing the array of nutrients your body truly needs. Relìv takes the guesswork out of good nutrition with our complete, balanced formulas. Our experts have done the research, combed the globe for the best ingredients, and provided them all in the proper amounts in our easy-to-use, great tasting drink mixes. Good nutrition is now as simple as making a delicious Relìv shake part of your daily routine!


The University of Bridgeport offers an online MS in Human Nutrition, for which the only required residency being the two days on campus in Bridgeport over which is held the comprehensive examination. Bridgeport is well established; some significant financial troubles have found them accepting very large sums of money from groups associated with the Unification Church, aka “Moonies,” today their Acting Chair is former President of the Unification Church in America, so some controversy has become attached to their name in some quarters.


The school is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges. Good nutrition is an important stress-fighting tool. When our bodies are poorly nourished, the effects of stress are even more pronounced. Here are links to Web resources to help you manage stress through sound nutrition. How to Plan a Healthy Diet Advice from About Nutrition Guide Rick Hall on planning a healthy diet Nutrient Composition of Individual Foods About Nutrition Guide Rick Hall shows you the nutrient composition for a range of individual foods. Nutrition and Vegetarian Diets This article from the About Weight Loss site helps you plan a healthy, nutritionally-sound vegetarian diet.


Stress and Weight Gain An analysis of the role of stress in overeating and weight gain, plus tips to help break the cycle Menus for Healthy Living Examples of healthy menus in the 1,500-1,800 calorie/day range Weight Management Answers Are you eating too much? Is your weight-loss program effective? This article discusses answers to these common questions. Vita-mania The pros and cons of vitamins supplements, plus discussion of vitamins for special needs Eating and Your Moods Article explaining the association between stress and overeating, plus discussion of various eating disorders

New Nutrition Resources Electronic Bulletin

Nutrition-result is an open mailing list for subscriptions to the free monthly electronic bulletin, Nutrition Resources Bulletin. Although the bulletin is intended for health professionals, food professionals, researchers, librarians, teachers and journalists, subscriptions are open to anyone. Nutrition Resources Bulletin (NRB) features information about new books, pamphlets, audio and video tapes, web sites and teaching aids.


Topics covered are normal nutrition (healthy eating, life cycle nutrition, sports nutrition, vegetarianism, cultural and ethnic resources), medical nutrition (special diets), quantity food preparation, food service management, food safety, food science and food security. For your convenience, NRB opens with a table of contents listing each resource, the author and the intended audience. Detailed information about the featured materials follows in the body of the bulletin.


The featured resources, with the exception of some special diet cookbooks by laymen, are written, prepared or compiled by food and nutrition professionals, teachers, researchers and physicians. NRB resources are self-published or from small printers and publishers whose publication lists are not widely circulated. The owner of the nutrition-result mailing list reserves the right to determine the content of the electronic bulletin. Comments and suggestions to the list owner.

Health and nutrition software

Diet Companion tracks weight, goals, calorie intake, and exercise to help you achieve a better quality of life. You can create a personal log based on starting weight, ideal weight, time frame, and exercise levels; update the log to monitor progress; and display results on a spreadsheet or pie chart. An included file lists vitamin names, food sources, optimal daily allowances, and more. Rather than a software program, Slim For Life! is a weight-loss system published in a Windows help file format. The author shares his personal experiences with weight loss and research, and includes his formula for weight-loss success. Slim For Life! also includes a table of calorie and fat content for a sample variety of foods. The author asks for a one dollar registration fee for the program only if you successfully lose weight following his system.


Requires Windows 3.x. v2.0. Shareware.From Winner of Home PC Top 100 Products of the Year Award. What a woman eats during pregnancy is a determinant of her own health and that of her child. Many women are deficient in calcium, iron, folate and zinc. Iron deficiency can cause the mother to be anemic during pregnancy and put the baby at risk of anemia after birth. Zinc and calcium affect fetal growth and folate is extremely important in the development of healthy spinal cord. A child who is born strong and healthy has fewer illnesses throughout life than a child who is born very small or with problems at birth. Healthy babies grow up to do better in school and have fewer behavioral problems than infants with congenital health problems.


NutriGenie Pregnancy Nutrition will help you evaluate your current diet and design an optimal nutrition plan for your pregnancy. NUT is a nutritional analyser for recipes and their ingredients, with the added convenience of serving as an interactive recipe book. In its heart is the nutritional database that lists the ingredients and their nutrient contents. Without this and without the capability of building a user-defined database, the program would not be able to meaningfully analyse the recipes. No other available nutrition software can do what NutriGenie can: generate millions of delicious and nutritionally-balanced menus from a database of 8,000 foods at your request.


Just specify your daily caloric requirement, whether it’s 1,000 or 2,345 Calories, and NutriGenie will suggest a nutritious menu with real foods (including hamburger, ice cream, etc.) at this precise intake. Perfect for weight watchers. Superb graphic analysis: from RDA to USDA Food Pyramid to fat content. Too many other features to mention. Download this file from America Online and CompuServe Windows Forums or ftp from and discard your other nutrition software. Windows 95 and NT compatible.

Max Milner, Food, Nutrition Scientist

Max Milner, a food and nutrition scientist who retired in 1984 as executive officer of the Bethesda, Maryland-based American Society for Nutritional Sciences, died January 16, 2003, at the Hospice of Washington [DC], having suffered a stroke December 7, 2002, at the age fo 88. For six years, Dr. Milner had been executive officer of the Society for Nutritional Sciences. Earlier, he had held a variety of food- and nutrition-related positions with the U.S. Agency for International Development, U.N. agencies and in academia.


The Chevy Chase, Maryland, resident was born in Edmonton, Alberta, and graduated from the University of Saskatchewan. He received a doctorate in biochemistry from the University of Minnesota. In 1944, he became a U.S. citizen. Early in his career, he was a research chemist for Pillsbury Mills in Minneapolis, Minnesota, where he specialized in the development of military field rations. Later, he was a professor of cereal food sciences at Kansas State University. As a senior U.N. food technologist, he advised U.N. agencies on child nutrition and supervised projects in tropical countries.


He was a consultant to the government of Israel in the upgrading of wheat imports and in cereal foods and industries. From 1966 to 1968, he worked in Washington, where he initiated an AID nutrition program. Later, he served on AID advisory committees. From 1975 to 1978, he was associate director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s International Nutrition Program. He then returned to the Washington area as executive officer of the American Society for Nutritional Sciences. Dr. Milner organized and chaired several national and international symposiums on nutrition-related issues. He was a member of the Cosmos Club and Congregation Beth El in Bethesda, Maryland. His avocations included photography and gardening.

Minerals and nutrition needed for plants

The use of soil for greenhouse production before the 1960 s was common. Today a few growers still use soil in their mixes. The bulk of production is in soilless mixes. Soilless mixes must provide support, aeration, nutrient and moisture retention just as soils do, but the addition of fertilizers or nutrients are different. Many soilless mixes have calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur, nitrogen, potassium and some micronutrients incorporated as a pre-plant fertilizer. Nitrogen and potassium still must be applied to the crop during production. Difficulty in blending a homogenous mix using pre-plant fertilizers may often result in uneven crops and possible toxic or deficient levels of nutrients. Soilless mixes that require addition of micro and macronutrients applied as liquid throughout the growth of the crop, may actually give the grower more control of his crop.


To achieve optimum production, the grower can adjust nutrient levels to compensate for other environmental factors during the growing season. The absorption of mineral ions is dependent on a number of factors in addition to weather conditions. These include the cation exchange capacity or CEC and the pH or relative amount of hydrogen (H() or hydroxyl ions (OH() of the growing medium, and the total alkalinity of the irrigation water. The Cation Exchange Capacity refers to the ability of the growing medium to hold exchangeable mineral elements within its structure.


These cations include ammonium nitrogen, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc and copper. Peat moss and mixes containing bark, sawdust and other organic materials all have some level of cation exchange capacity. The term pH refers to the alkalinity or acidity of a growing media water solution. This solution consists of mineral elements dissolved in ionic form in water. The reaction of this solution whether it is acid, neutral or alkaline will have a marked effect on the availability of mineral elements to plant roots. When there is a greater amount of hydrogen H+ ions the solution will be acid . If there is more hydroxyl OH- ions the solution will be alkaline (>7.0). A balance of hydrogen to hydroxyl ions yields a pH neutral soil (=7.0). The range for most crops is 5.5 to 6.2 or slightly acidic. This creates the greatest average level for availability for all essential plant nutrients. Extreme fluctuations of higher or lower pH can cause deficiency or toxicity of nutrients.