Nutrition during race training

In my last two IM races I used Carbo-Pro, Thermolyte, water and balance bars. It worked great. The company that sells carbo pro and thermolyte (Sport Quest) even sent me a protocol to use for my weight and type of training and racing I do. Carbo-Pro is a pure complex carbohydrate and does not have any flavor, which I prefer, but you can can add it to any sports drink or juice. You can also mix it real thick and use it like a gel (the instructions on the container quide you on this) or mix it like a drink. It keeps your gut clean. Thus no stomach problems. I use the balance bars for protein and because I like to eat something solid during the race…unless it is real hot. My new coach this past year, MaryEllen Powers, who is a pro, turned me to Carbo-Pro when I had suffered greatly in a few races due to stomach problems.


She also told me not to use any gels until you get to the run. Because once you start using them you need to keep using the gels every twenty minutes to keep up your blood sugar level. And after a while all that gel is going to just sit in your stomach eventually making you sick. And somewhere along my travels I learned that many pros have carbo pro in their bottles even though the outside of their bottle says something else (ie, their nutritional sponsors logo). I have played around with other products like acclerade/endurox, hammer gel, gatorade, and all sorts of gels. I always winded up feeling bloated or actually throwing at some point during or after the race. But with the carbo pro, following the protocol made for me, I felt fine during and after the race. Sounds like I work for the company…I don’t. Just love their product.


So my race day plan is: pre race breakfast: 1 hard boiled egg, toast or half a bagel with peanut butter, half a bananna, plain oatmeal and 1 bottle of Carbo-Pro. Sometimes I can’t eat all of this just a bite of this and that. sip water until race time. Bike: I drink only water the first 20 minutes of the bike to let my body adjust. Then I start sipping the carbo pro. I know I need 300 calories per hour and my bottles are mixed with 600 calories. So I drink half a bottle of carbo-pro per hour plus plain water as needed. When I eat the balance bar, usually around 40-50 miles into the bike and then again around 100-05, I just drink more water and less carbo pro during that hour. Depending on how hot it is I take one or two thermolytes per hour.


Run: First aid station: I take gu and water. 2nd aid station: I take coke if I need to…I have been told not to drink coke until halway through the run. But I do and it works for me, so far. Chase the coke with a sip of water. I alternate this plan for the whole run. I do take the thermolytes on the run every so often. I have also used Motivator which is a caffeine type pill. I use that as directed on the bottle and in my protocol. I think it is just before the start of the run. This product is also made by Sport Quest. To order or get more info (they are extremely helpful explaining the whole nutrition thing during racing and training.

Children, vegetarianism and nutrition

I am raising three sons (2, 8, 11) and my oldest just led us all into the realm of vegetarianism. It’s something I’ve thought about for a long time, and when he informed me that he wanted to be a vegetarian, that was the thing that tipped us into it. So, my concern is meeting the complete nutritional needs of three growing boys. I would like references on solidly based nutrition and vegetarianism. I’m giving them simple multivitamins, anything else I should be doing? How about reading material?


Any obvious classics? Any personal favorites? I’ve relied for years on “Laurel’s Kitchen”. The most recent incarnation has lower fat recipes, the food tastes wonderful, and the nutrition is very good. There’s an excellent chapter on vegetarian nutrition in the back, in fact. I just got couple of new books, though, that look pretty promising; one’s called “The Essential Vegetarian”, by Diana Shaw. Haven’t cooked anything from it, yet, but there is what looks like a good section on nutrition, including vegan nutrition if you want to do that. The Moosewood books are good, too, but don’t really do a lot of discussion about nutrition… just good recipes. :) .


What great kids you must have! I can only second what the others have told you and applaud you for keeping an open mind and “going with the flow” of where your kids are leading. “Laurel’s Kitchen” is a great start – Laurel knows a lot about feeding vegetarian babies and children. Let me add that I have a lot of lacto- vegetarian friends who have remained vegetarian during pregnancy and have raised very healthy and alert vegetarian children (who are now teenagers). More power to you!!

High calorie dog nutrition

Those veterinarians who have an opinion, which ones have had more than a one-semester course on diet/nutrition in the past five years? And of those, to what extent have they studied the correlations between nutritional uptake and sub clinical disease, physiological problems, and petrochemical imbalances? Then, I might want to try this one out: Of those veterinarians still “in the running,” how many are aware of how the Sub-committee on Canine Nutrition sets its standards, or on what basis those standards are set. Finally, I might also want to know whether they are aware of what Dr. Ben Scheffey, noted Cornell researcher, has said about “crude” protein and other issues related to feeding dogs. I raise these questions solely in the interest of a more open inquiry into the body of knowledge available on the feeding of domesticated dogs.


Boy Steve those are hard questions. I can honestly answer no to all of them. As you probably know its difficult to pack all the information that a veterinarian needs to start practice into 4 years so there is little time to study canine nutrition in depth. It almost seemed from your answer that you might harbor a little latent hostility toward the veterinary profession. Incidently as I read your reply there are at least 3 and maybe 4 questions, they do have time to teach us to count. That being said and in spite of my limitation, 25 years as a practicing veterinarian and 48 years association with my father’s and my hunting dogs leads me to the strong belief that high quality dog food enhances a dog’s health.


I handle Science Diet at our clinics but also recommend Iams, Purina Pro Plan and O.N.E., and Nutro Max. IMHO Mike McDonald DVM I don’t know Steve, so I can’t respond as to whether he has buried anger :) but his questions might have been designed to get more people to really *think* about what they put into their dogs’ bodies, or their own for that matter. Commercial foods have only been around for a handful of generations, and call me cynical, but a lot of the corporate conglomerates that own the pet food companies have their eye on the bottom line, and the ever-changing ingredients profiles in many commercial dog foods proves that point. After doing a lot of research into dog foods and better nutrition, I feed a modified-raw diet (which would be all-raw if I were the only human involved), and yes, I am quite confident that I am providing a balanced diet to my GSPs. Both of my vets (one allopathic, one holistic) know how I feed, and have been very impressed with the energy levels, coat/skin/teeth, bloodwork, and overall good health of my dogs, particularly my elder statesman who, at 13, still runs 3 miles a day with me.

Nutrition in critical care

It is a very common misconception that medical school creates a doctor. It is irrelevant if med students get nutrition courses or not because most will never deal with a patients nutritional needs. Why would a med student going into radiation oncology, rahab med, psych, radiology, etc.. need nutrition courses? That is why there are various residencies and the training is very specific. I cannot speak for any specialty except general surgery in which nutrition is mandatory.


In both the written and oral general surgery boards (exams after completion of a 5-7 year general surgery residency) there are many questions on nutrition in the critical care questions. In the hospital setting nutritionists are consulted for patient assessment when needed. Lets face it, a nutritionist will always know the most about nutrition because that is what they do exclusively. Seeking students in grades 4-5 to join our nutrition project. Teachers can participate in our entire project, which is outlined below, or just have their students submit data (a complete list of what a student ate on March 7) to help us.


March is National Nutrition Month. Nutrition Project *Pre-Activity- On March 7, ask your students to record exactly what they ate for each meal and for snack. Ask them to be as specific as possible (Portion size, how many, etc.) (Do not explain why.) *Begin a unit on healthy eating and the food pyramid. Some of the resources that will be used by our teachers include: 1)Kids Food CyberClub TeacherÕs Guide-a complete teaching guide to their web site including lesson plans and activity masters- available free online. 2)Dole 5 a Day CD-a free CD from the Dole company. See #4 under Computer Activities. 3)


National Geographic Society, 1985, Nutrition: Eating Well (a video tape used as an introduction) 4)SVE Instructional Materials,1980, The Nutrition Connection A set of audio tapes and film strips with lesson plans and activity masters.) 5)Discover Science, Scott Foresman & Co. 1991 (our science text) Computer Activities 1-Have students type up their daily food list so it can be sent to others in the project. Email this list to me by March 14. Be sure to include your school name, teacherÕs name, school address, and email address. All participating classes will receive a compiled list to analyze.

Fat and sodium in you diet

Fat and sodium that’s why! Good old grocery store food will be leaner every time (nobody said it would taste better!). You are going to need to get in the habit of precooking/preparing your meals! Here is where Mr. Coleman and his products come in handy. A hand held carry cooler will save you every time, provided it is packed with your low fat, home cooked meals. You are going to need to plan ahead of time (always) in order to have meals prepared to eat. Find low-fat foods that you can tolerate, and stick to them. You need to allow time to ease into your new way of eating. Some may need only a couple of weeks others may need a few months, but your efforts must be consistent. Consistency in your meals and efforts are required for successful transition to living a low fat, high protein, frequent meal, and lifestyle.


A drastic change in your eating habits is not something that you can just jump into. Challenge: Getting and maintaining a consistently low body fat is something that requires a certain amount of personal challenge and sacrifice. For many, this will require a lifestyle change. Let’s face it! There are not a lot of really lean folks out there, and with today’s fast pace society it can be difficult to eat frequently. Eating a small meal every three to four hours can be done. It may require a bit more time, but if you learn to think and plan your grocery store visit and your meals, well ahead of time, you are certain to be successful. I recommend making a priority list. Make a List your priorities and remember that a serious diet needs to be way up there on your list!


Your quest for a faster and more energy efficient metabolism needs to be your focus, as you make changes in your eating habits. Effective Time Management: Many people fail in their quest to get lean because they do not utilize time better, and more efficiently. Allocating time to eat in frequent intervals and to religiously perform cardiovascular work combined with weight training is the core to lowering your body fat. It is simply a matter of giving up leisure time to prepare meals and workout! Certainly, a learner healthier body is worth a few hour of your leisure time. If you are going to get lean, you must plan your day thoroughly. Spontaneity will kill your lean and frequent eating habits every time. Plan out your day, everyday, and work your plan!

Nutrition Resource Bulletin for OTs

The following publications may be helpful for occupational therapists teaching life skills classes or food preparation. The bulletin features publications by health professionals. The books and pamphlets are self-published by non-profit organizations or by small printing companies. How to Teach Nutrition to Kids by Connie Evers, RD For Teachers, Public Health Nutritionists The Food Dudes by Surrey, B.C. School District Teacher and Nutritionist For Teachers, Public Health Nutritionists Two Food Safety Publications from Michigan State University Extension by Angela Fraser, PhD.


Public Health Nutritionists and Food Safety Specialists, Food Service Managers, Educators, Daycare Operators, Students. Nutrition Resource Guidebook: Your Essential Guide to Nutrition Resources For librarians, dietitians, occupational therapists, educators and secondary and postsecondary food and nutrition students Becoming Vegetarian: The Complete Guide to Adopting a Healthy Vegetarian Diet by Vesanto Melina, RD, Brenda Davis, RD and Victoria Harrison RD For Health and Education Professionals and the General Public An integrated, creative approach to Nutrition Education for children ages 6-10.


Packed with nutrition education activities and strategies that are kid-tested and teacher endorsed, this new book provides practical guidance on how to structure nutrition education in a school or group setting. Includes guidelines for instilling positive food attitudes and activites which integrate nutrition into most subject areas. The Food Dudes is a nutrition education package developed for students in Grades 1 to 3 by three Canadian teachers and a nutritionist (RD) to complement school lunch programs. “Food is Fun” is the theme of The Food Dudes with a focus on exploring foods and developing positive feelings about food. The activities included relate to meal programs and are integrated into core subjects such as mathematics, language arts and science.

Nutrition therapy act

Over 220 of our colleagues support this measure because they recognize that the absence of coverage for nutrition therapy services is a glaring omission in current Medicare policy. Medical science makes clear that properly nourished patients are better able to resist disease and recover from illnesses than those who are malnourished. We also know that elderly Americans are at a higher risk of malnutrition than others in society due to the naturally occurring aging process. Despite this knowledge, Medicare does not cover nutrition assessment and counseling services by registered dietitians–what is commonly known in the health care field as medical nutrition therapy (MNT). As a result, the elderly either pay for this service out of their own pockets, or go without. This is not a choice that those on fixed incomes should have to make.


Medical nutrition therapy is medically necessary care and ought to be a covered benefit. I am convinced that this bill is an important part of the solution to saving Medicare. It will help us cut costs without sacrificing the quality of patient care. Empirical evidence shows that MNT is effective for patients with diabetes, heart disease, cancer and other costly diseases that are prominent among the elderly. It lowers treatment costs by reducing and shortening the length of hospital stays, preventing health care complications and decreasing the need for medications. Yet still, we do not provide seniors coverage for this care. It should be noted that support for medical nutrition therapy is not confined to Congress.


Major patient advocacy groups including the American Cancer Society, the American Heart Association, the National Kidney Foundation, the American Diabetes Association and the National Osteoporosis Foundation also support coverage for MNT. These groups understand that appropriate nutrition therapy saves money and lives. Any measure that achieves such an impressive level of political support is deserving of serious deliberation in this body. While I regret that this bill will not be taken up in the remaining days of this Congress, I urge the leadership of both parties to make this bill a top priority next year.


While the Balanced Budget Act helped strengthen the Medicare program in the short term, additional reforms will be necessary to prepare the program for the coming retirement of the Baby Boom generation. Congress will be remiss if it overlooks medical nutrition therapy as part of those long-term reforms. In closing, I want to thank the American Dietetic Association and the Nevada Dietetic Association for their fine work in helping me educate members of Congress about this important measure. The dedicated health and nutrition professionals represented by those groups can be proud of how far this bill had advanced in the 105th Congress and confident that we will ultimately succeed in these efforts.

Reading about your nutrition needs

“In this fascinating book we learn how powerful, intrusive, influential, and invasive big industry is and how alert we must constantly be to prevent it from influencing not only our own personal nutritional choices, but those of our government agencies. Marion Nestle has presented us with a courageous and masterful exposé.” — Julia Child “This remarkable book is essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand how it has come to be that the richest nation in the world is eating itself to death. . . . Straight reporting about the shaping of food policy, as this volume makes clear, is certain to offend some very powerful players.”


Joan Dye Gussow, author of This Organic Life “Food politics underlie all politics in the United States. There is no industry more important to Americans, more fundamentally linked to our well-being and the future well-being of our children. Nestle reveals how corporate control of the nation’s food system limits our choices and threatens our health. If you eat, you should read this book.” — Eric Schlosser, author of Fast Food Nation “‘Blockbuster’ is one of the best ways that I could describe this book.


A major contribution to understanding the interaction of politics and science, especially the science of nutrition, it is of extreme value to virtually all policy makers and to everyone concerned with the American diet.” — Sheldon Margen, editor of the Berkeley Wellness Letter “A devastating analysis of how the naked self-interest of America’s largest industry influences and compromises nutrition policy and government regulation of food safety. . . . A clear translation of often obscure studies and cases, the writing is accessible and lively.” — Warren Belasco, author of Appetite for Change.

The science of nutrition

The science of nutrition is studied in a very scientific manner, and there are peer-reviewed journals, just like in other branches of science. My friend’s brother is currently in medical school, and he reports that in the last 15 years or so, nutrition is being given much more attention in medical school curriculum that it has in years past. Nutrition is a science that involves various elements of both biology and chemistry. Diets are to nutrition and science what get-rich-quick schemes are to accounting and finance.


They are based on a grain of truth (e.g., some such compound is good for you) and then embellished and distorted into meaningless drivel like “Lose weight while you sleep and eat pizza and ice cream for dinner!” The FDA publishes nutritional guidelines that are pretty good. A few years ago, they revised their guidelines (and introduced the “food pyramid”) to emphasize fruits/vegetables and grains, at the expense of meat. They caught alot of crap from the cattle industry and its employees in Congress, but they stuck to their position (more or less). There are no “ideal” amounts of fats, carbohydrates, etc, because each person is different. It depends on height, weight, level of physical activity, lifestyle, and individual chemistry.


However, the FDA guidelines are pretty good as a baseline. Generally, vitamins are not like money. Once you reach the necessary threshold level, more won’t do you any good. Exactly what those thresholds are is a matter of some debate, but taking 300% of the recommended allowance isn’t going to make you 3 times as healthy. In fact, some vitamins, such as vitamin D I think (but could easily be wrong), can be toxic in very large doses (but these are VERY large doses, like eating a pound or two of vitamin powder). In short, nutrition is legitimate science. Diets, and most nutrition info you see on your local news, are at best hype, at worst harmful.

Journal on diet and nutrition

A promised and long-awaited revision of FDA biotech-food policy is expected to make some improvements in oversight, but as outlined in the agency’s press release, it is expected to fall far short of what is needed to ensure the safety of biotech foods. In drafting its 1992 policy, FDA representatives relied primarily on an opinion by FDA attorneys that food and drug law did not give the agency responsibility for labeling transgenic foods, and the relevant food and drug law has not changed. Rep. Dennis J. Kucinich (D-Ohio) and Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.) have introduced legislation calling to alter this situation.


The Genetically Engineered Food Safety Act, co-authored by Kucinich, provides for mandatory safety testing of genetically modified foods before they are released into the food supply. Many food-safety activists target food manufacturers, food retailers and fast-food chains when demanding a recall of genetically modified foods. Given the pervasiveness of biofoods in the marketplace, and the challenges in detecting them, their time and energy would be better spent supporting legislation proposed to change regulatory policy that victimizes food manufacturers, retailers and consumers alike.


Write a letter to the Journal of Nutrition asking them to reveal the names of the peer reviewers that passed this study, and their history of funding from biotechnology departments at their institutions and the biotechnology industry, and any past or present financial ties with Monsanto, including stock holdings. State that you make this request because the study is crucial for the FDA’s regulatory policy, and the conclusions of the study appear to be at odds with some of the data.